Wire guided AGV’s appeared in the early ’60’s in the automotive industry.
The introduction in the ’80’s of laser navigation allowed AGV applications in a much wider field. Nowadays one can find AGV’s with limited payloads in f.e hospitals up to the aviation industry to transport 65T airplane bodies.
However especially large AGV fleets often behave very clumsy and their performance is reduced by the actual environment in which they operate. The coexistence of AGVs with pedestrians or other vehicles often causes issues.
Around 2000 researchers approached the problem differently and AMR’s were born.
AMRs don’t have a fixed guide path like AGVs but move completely free in the available 2D space. They move around objects or persons that block their path and always find the fastest route to their destination. Via sensor fusion they map the environment in real time and localise their position accurately without the need to install infrastructure.
That’s why AMRs are both Faster and Smarter.